The paper examines 2483 global publications on thyroid research in India, as covered in Scopus database during 2007-16, experiencing an annual average growth rate of 10.76% and qualitative citation impact averaged to 4.75 citations per paper. India’s share of internationally collaborative papers (ICP) was 8.82% during 2007-16, which increased from 8.19% to 9.21% from 2007-11 to 2012-16. The top 10 most productive countries individually contributed global share from 3.67% to 25.88%, with largest global publication share coming from USA (25.88%), followed by Italy (8.15%), etc. Together, the 10 most productive countries accounted for 73.75% share of global publication output during 2007-16. Medicine accounts for the largest share (77.57%) in Indian thyroid research, followed by biochemistry, genetics & molecular biology (23.60%), pharmacology, toxicology & pharmaceutics (8.46%), agricultural & biological sciences (3.34%) and neurosciences (2.54%) during 2007-16. The top 15 most productive research organizations and the authors collectively contributed 31.70% and 11.24% respectively as their global publication share and 34.72% and 17.58% respectively as their global citation share during 2007-16. The journals accounted 23.23% share of total journal publication output during 2007-16, increasing from 19.62% to 25.66% between 2007-11 and 2012-16. Of the total thyroid research output from India, the top 13 highly cited publications registered citations from 83 to 422 and they together received 2023 citations, with 155.61 citations per paper. These 13 highly cited papers were published in 11 journals, of which 2 papers were published in American Journal of Transplantation and 1 paper each in 10 other journals.