Characteristics of the Ozone Pollution and its Health Effects in India

Submitted by sys1 on Wed, 03/01/2017 - 15:56
International Journal of Medicine and Public Health,2017,7,1,56-60.
Published:March 2017
Type:Original Article

Characteristics of the Ozone Pollution and its Health Effects in India

Balajee Karthik L1, Babu Sujith1, Suliankatchi Rizwan A2, Meena Sehgal3

1Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Puducherry, India.

2Department of Community Medicine, Velammal Medical College Hospital & Research Institute, Tamil Nadu, India.

3Centre for Environmental Studies, The Energy and Resources Institute, New Delhi, India.

Abstract:

Surface level ozone is one of the important air pollutants. It is formed by the reaction of atmospheric pollutants in the presence of sunlight. The surface ozone shows temporal and spatial variations in the country. The levels are maximum during summer and minimum in monsoon seasons. The levels are maximum during daytime and minimum during night or early morning. In India, surface ozone levels are above the recommended threshold of 8 hour average of 100 μg/m3 for air quality monitoring at various stations. Exposure to high levels of surface ozone causes number of health problems. Short term exposure causes drop in lung function measures and it also affects the lung’s mucociliary function thereby increasing the susceptibility to bacterial infections. With increase in surface ozone levels, there is likelihood of an increase in risk of hospital admissions for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases (COPD) and the number of cardiovascular and respiratory deaths. In children, increase in ozone concentration is associated with increase in hospital admissions and unscheduled asthma medications. The high levels of surface ozone are becoming a threat to people’s health and so surface ozone levels have to be monitored and steps taken to reduce their levels.

Health effects of increased surface ozone

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