Smartphone Usage Practices, Preferences and its Perceived Effects in Medical Students at a Tertiary Care Medical College

Submitted by sys1 on Wed, 03/01/2017 - 15:22
International Journal of Medicine and Public Health,2017,7,1,51-55.
Published:March 2017
Type:Original Article

Smartphone Usage Practices, Preferences and its Perceived Effects in Medical Students at a Tertiary Care Medical College

Devavrat Harshe1, Sagar Karia2, Sana Rajani3, Anup Bharati4, Avinash De Sousa5, Nilesh Shah6, Priyadarshini Mishra7

1Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatry, D.Y. Patil Medical College, Kolhapur.

2Specialty Medical Officer, Department of Psychiatry, 33rd year Undergraduate Medical Student,4Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatry, 5Research Associate, Department of Psychiatry, 6Professor and Head, Department of Psychiatry, 7Assistant Professor, Department of Physiology, 2,3,4,5,6,7Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College, Mumbai, India. 

Abstract:

Background: Smartphone usage has increased over the past few years in both students, professionals and the common man. Owing to this a model of excessive smartphone and smartphone addiction has been developed. The aim of the study was to assess the amount and types of smartphone usage amongst medical students. Methodology: The setting was a tertiary care medical college and a cross sectional design was employed. The subjects were 145 undergraduate (UG) and post graduate (PG) students studying in a tertiary care medical college. They were divided into two groups UG and PG. They were administered a semi-structured proforma and the App Usage Tracker (AUT) and Whatsapp usage statistics (WUS) app was installed to assess their smartphone usage pattern. The study compared two groups and chi square test, Mann Whitney U test, odds ratio and Pearson’s correlation was done using computerized statistical software. Results: There was no difference in data consumption and perceived time spent on smartphone between UG and PG groups. Undergraduates sent and received far greater messages than post graduates (p=0.0385 and p=0.0004). Participants who reported physical problems after smartphone use sent out significantly more number of messages on whatsapp over a period of 7 days (p = 0.046). Number of messages sent from whatsapp showed a significant positive correlation with number of messages received on whatsapp (r = 0.729, p < 0.001) and size of the media sent from whatsapp (r = 0.338, p < 0.001). Size of media sent from whatsapp correlated significantly with the number of messages received on whatsapp (r = 0.561, p < 0.001). Conclusion: Smartphone usage is an issue that needs to be looked at seriously amongst medical students and the emergence of problems related to smartphone usage in this population warrants further research.

Whatsapp usage statistics in the study groups

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